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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 Jul 6;645(1):102-14.

Interactions of La2+ with phosphatidylserine vesicles: binding, phase transition, leakage, 31P-NMR and fusion.


The interaction of La2+ with phosphatidylserine vesicles is studied by differential scanning calorimetry, 140La binding, 31P-NMR chemical shifts and relaxation rates, carboxyfluorescein and [14C]sucrose release, X-ray diffraction and freeze-fracture electron microscopy. In the presence of La3+ concentrations above 1 mM and an incubation temperature of 38 degrees C, i.e., at the phase transition temperature of the complex La/phosphatidylserine, the binding ratio of La/lipid exceeds a 1/3 ratio, reaching saturation at a 1/2 ratio. Analysis, employing a modified Gouy-Chapman equation, indicates a significant increase in the intrinsic binding constant of La/phosphatidylserine when the La3+ concentrations exceeds the threshold concentration for leakage. The analysis illustrates that at the molecular level the binding of La3+ can be comparable to or even weaker than that of Ca2+, but that even when present at smaller concentrations La3+ competes with and partially displaces Ca2+ from membranes or other negatively charged surfaces. The results suggest that the sequence La3+ greater than Ca2+ greater than Mg2+ reflects both the binding strength of these cations to phosphatidylserine as well as their ability to induce leakage, enhancement of 31P spin-lattice relaxation rates, fusion and other structural changes. The leakage, fusion, and other structural changes are more pronounced at the phase transition temperature of the La/lipid complex.

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