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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 May 22;664(2):409-15.

Optimal assay and subcellular location of phosphatidylglycerol synthesis in lung.

Abstract

Synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol from CDPdiacylglycerol and glycerol 3-phosphate by membranous subcellular fractions of rat lung and liver was optimal when assayed in the presence of bovine serum albumin and Triton X-100. Specific activities of glycerolphosphate phosphatidyltransferase in all membranous subcellular fractions of lung were several times higher than the corresponding fractions from liver. Distribution of this enzyme in subcellular fractions of lung or liver closely parallel the activity of the mitochondrial enzymes monoamine oxidase and succinate cytochrome c reductase. The phosphatidylglycerol-synthesizing activity in microsomes of both lung and liver was a minor fraction of total tissue activity and could be interpreted as due either to contamination with outer mitochondrial membrane or to a small amount of activity innate to microsomes. These results suggest that phosphatidylglycerol, which is believed to be a component of pulmonary surfactant, is synthesized by lung at a rapid rate relative to liver and that the subcellular distribution of its synthesis is similar in both tissues, with mitochondria as the major site.

PMID:
6264966
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2760(81)90063-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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