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Am J Surg. 1978 Mar;135(3):395-402.

Parathyroid cysts.


Cystic neck masses may be accurately diagnosed by sonography, and some nonfunctioning parathyroid cysts can be cured by percutaneous aspiration. Primary hyperparathyroidism should be considered in all patients with cystic neck masses. Parathyroid cysts can often be recognized from the characteristics of the cyst fluid which is usually clear and colorless, contains elevated parathyroid hormone levels and normal or low thyroid hormone levels, and may contain parathyroid cells. Parathyroid cysts may be multiple; all four parathyroid glands should therefore be identified and appropriately removed or hyperparathyroidism may persist.

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