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Brain Res. 1981 Apr 6;210(1-2):201-15.

Genotypic influences on striatal dopaminergic regulation in mice.


Genotypic influences on dopaminergic-induced behaviors and striatal dopaminergic receptors were evaluated in CBA/J, C57BL/6J and BALB/cJ male mice. CBA/J mice were less behaviorally sensitive to apomorphine (stereotypic behavior) but more sensitive to haloperidol (catalepsy) than C57BL/6J and BALB/cJ mice. Striatal dopaminergic receptors, assayed by binding of [3H]spiroperidol (antagonist) and [3H]ADTN (agonist), were 50% fewer in CBA/J compared to BALB/cJ mice; C57BL/6J mice had low to intermediate numbers of receptors. Striatal dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) concentrations were similar in all strains. However, a 20% higher DOPAC/dopamine ratio in CBA/J mice suggests greater dopamine turnover. Median eminence dopamine was similar in all strains, but norepinephrine was 30% higher in BALB/cJ mice. CBA/J mice failed to show antagonist-induced supersensitivity-type responses to chronic haloperidol treatment: enhanced stereotypic response to apomorphine and a 30% increase of dopaminergic receptors occurred in C57BL/6J and BALB/cJ mice, but not in CBA/J mice. These data suggest that CBA/J mice either cannot respond to chronic haloperidol treatment or have an elevated threshold for induction of supersensitivity response. Chronic treatment with the dopamine agonist bromocriptine (7d) depressed apomorphine-induced stereotypic behavior in C57BL/6J mice and eliminated stereotypy in BALB/cJ mice, but caused no change in stereotypic behavior in CBA/J mice. Dopaminergic receptors were 15% lower after bromocriptine treatment in all strains. These results suggest that some striatal dopaminergic functions are impaired in CBA/J mice relative to BALB/cJ and C57BL/6J mice. The impaired haloperidol-induced supersensitivity responses in the CBA/J mouse may be a useful model for analyzing similar impairments of supersensitivity responses in old rodents.

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