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J Clin Microbiol. 1980 Sep;12(3):320-5.

Transfer of antirotaviral antibodies from mothers to their infants.

Abstract

Levels of rotavirus-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgA, IgM, and secretory immunoglobulin in maternal and cord serum, colostrum and milk, and infants' stools were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 92 mothers and their infants. Although antirotaviral IgG, IgA, and secretory immunoglobulin were present in most maternal sera, only IgG crossed the placenta. All samples of colostrum and milk tested contained antirotaviral secretory immunoglobulin and IgA except those of two women in whom IgA deficiency was subsequently described. Specific IgM and IgG were also detected in many colostral samples. Antirotaviral IgA was detected in many colostral samples. Antirotaviral IgA was detected in stools of breast-fed but not bottle-fed neonates. Apparently the human infant receives rotaviral antibodies both transplacentally and via maternal colostrum and milk.

PMID:
6260832
PMCID:
PMC273583
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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