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Biken J. 1980 Mar;23(1):9-14.

The age distribution of neutralizing antibodies against varicella-zoster virus in healthy individuals.


A seroepidemiological survey of varicella was made in the Nagoya area by the neutralization (NT) test. Of 1,473 recorded cases of varicella, 81.4% were under 6 years old and 9.6% were under one year old; of the 168 recorded cases under one year old, about 30% were under 5 months old. Examination of 11 pairs of mother and cord sera and 13 pairs of mother and infant sera showed that transfer of NT antibody was in general good, even in babies that were small for their age or smnall at birth after 28 weeks gestation. The transferred maternal antibody decreased rapidly, becoming undetectable in babies of 4 months old. Then with increase in age the percentgage of seropositive children gradually increased, being 53.3% at 4 to 5 years old, and 100% in those of over 9 years old, with a temporary decrease in young adults in their twenties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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