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J Biol Chem. 1980 Oct 25;255(20):9616-20.

Hemoglobin-haptoglobin receptor in rat liver plasma membrane.


The presence of a receptor specific for the hemoglobin . haptoglobin complex is demonstrated in rat liver plasma membranes. Hemoglobin . haptoglobin complex, administered intravenously to rats, was cleared from the circulation at a constant rate with exclusive incorporation of the molecule into hepatocytes. This incorporation was unaffected by the simultaneous injection of asialoglycoprotein or heme . hemopexin complex. In vitro experiments with isolated liver plasma membranes indicated the absence of competitive binding of these molecules to the membrane and suggested that this receptor might recognize an altered conformation of the haptoglobin moiety of the complex resulting from the binding with hemoglobin. These observations suggest that the mechanism of recognition and binding of hemoglobin . haptoglobin complex by the receptor is different from that of the asialoglycoprotein receptor or heme . hemopexin receptor.

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