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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 1980;13(2):89-129.

Free radical initiation in proteins and amino acids by ionizing and ultraviolet radiations and lipid oxidation--Part I: ionizing radiation.


Parallels and similarities in chemical and functional damage to proteins by ionizing and UV radiations and oxidizing lipids have been recognized for some time. However, only recently have oxidizing lipids been shown directly by electron spin resonance to be radiomimetic also in their capacity for protein free radical production. Free radicals play a key role in the transformation of energy to molecular and cellular damage. It is thus of critical importance to elucidate the general mechanisms of free radical formation and reactions in proteins in order to understand protein involvement in various pathological conditions and in food deterioration. Accordingly, this review is a detailed comparison of gamma radiation, UV radiation, and lipid oxidation for what is presently known concerning (1) the specific modes of energy deposition and free radical formation, (2) the free radicals formed in proteins and amino acids, and (3) the typical damage correlating with these radicals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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