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Cell. 1980 Sep;21(2):417-27.

Mutants of vesicular stomatitis virus blocked at different stages in maturation of the viral glycoprotein.


Maturation of the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) glycoprotein (G) to the cell surface is blocked at the nonpermissive temperature in cells infected with temperature-sensitive mutants in the structural gene encoding for G. We show here that these mutants fall into two discrete classes with respect to the stage of post-translational processing at which the block occurs. In all cases the mutant glycoproteins are inserted normally into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane, receive the two-high-mannose oligosaccharides, and apparently lose the NH2-terminal signal sequence of 16 amino acids. In cells infected with one class of mutants, no further processing of the glycoprotein occurs, and we conclude that the mutant protein is blocked at a pre-Golgi stage. In cells infected with ts L511(V), however, addition of the terminal sugars galactose and sialic acid occurs normally. Thus the maturation of G proceeds through several Golgi functions but is blocked before its appearance on the cell surface. The oligosaccharide chain of ts L511(V) G, accumulated at either the permissive (where surface maturation occurs) or the nonpermissive temperature, lacks one saccharide residue, probably fucose. In addition, no fatty acid residues are added to the ts L511(V) G protein at the nonpermissive temperature, although addition does occur under permissive conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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