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Brain Res. 1980 Oct 6;198(2):375-87.

Effects of thyroid state on brain development: beta-adrenergic receptors and 5'-nucleotidase activity.

Abstract

The effect of thyroid status on beta-adrenergic receptor binding and 5'-nucleotidase activity was studied in the forebrain and the cerebellum of the rat during the first 5 postnatal weeks. The developmental increase in beta-adrenergic receptor binding was significantly depressed in thyroid deficiency in both the forebrain and the cerebellum. The effect was more pronounced in the cerebellum, where at day 35 the concentration and the total number of beta-adrenergic receptor sites were reduced by 35% and 50% respectively. In contrast, hyperthyroidism had no significant effect on the development of beta-adrenergic receptors in the brain. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism led to a sustained increase in the forebrain in the activity of 5'-nucleotidase, an enzyme which is also associated with plasma membranes and has been proposed to play some role in neurotransmission. In thyroid deficiency the enzyme activity was markedly depressed. The effect was significant from day 12 in the cerebellum and from day 21 in the forebrain, the maximal depression, at day 21, being 55% and 45% respectively. In comparison with these plasma membrane markers, the accretion of membranous proteins was less affected: although this was retarded in hypothyroidism and advanced in hyperthyroidism there was no residual effect at 35 days except those attributable to changes in organ size. The results indicated, therefore, that the biochemical specialization of cells, as reflected in certain plasma membrane constituents, are chatacteristically influenced in the developing brain by thyroid disorders.

PMID:
6250671
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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