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J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 1984 Dec;10(6):812-32.

Functionally specific articulatory cooperation following jaw perturbations during speech: evidence for coordinative structures.


In three experiments we show that articulatory patterns in response to jaw perturbations are specific to the utterance produced. In Experiments 1 and 2, an unexpected constant force load (5.88 N) applied during upward jaw motion for final /b/ closure in the utterance /baeb/ revealed nearly immediate compensation in upper and lower lips, but not the tongue, on the first perturbation trial. The same perturbation applied during the utterance /baez/ evoked rapid and increased tongue-muscle activity for /z/ frication, but no active lip compensation. Although jaw perturbation represented a threat to both utterances, no perceptible distortion of speech occurred. In Experiment 3, the phase of the jaw perturbation was varied during the production of bilabial consonants. Remote reactions in the upper lip were observed only when the jaw was perturbed during the closing phase of motion. These findings provide evidence for flexibly assembled coordinative structures in speech production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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