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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1984 Dec;4(6):1222-30.

Standardization of M-mode echocardiographic left ventricular anatomic measurements.


To improve standardization of echocardiographic left ventricular anatomic measurements, echographic left ventricular dimensions and mass were related to body size indexes, sex, age and blood pressure. Independent normal populations comprised 92 hospital-based subjects (64 women, 28 men) and 133 subjects from a population sample (55 women, 78 men). All measurements of chamber size, wall thickness and mass differed between men and women in both series (p less than 0.01 to p less than 0.001). Left ventricular mass was related most closely to body surface area among measurements of body size (r = 0.37, p less than 0.01 to r = 0.57, p less than 0.001) in all four groups. Indexation by body surface area eliminated sex differences in wall thicknesses and internal dimension, but a significant sex difference in left ventricular mass index persisted (89 +/- 21 g/m2 in men versus 69 + 19 g/m2 in women in the entire series, p less than 0.0001). The 97th percentile of left ventricular mass index was identical in both groups of men (136 and 132 g/m2) and women (112 and 109 g/m2). A highly significant difference in lean body mass, estimated from 24 hour urine creatine excretion, was observed between men and women (58 +/- 15 versus 40 +/- 13 kg, p less than 0.001) and no sex difference existed in left ventricular mass indexed by lean body mass (3.4 +/- 1.3 versus 3.5 +/- 1.5 g/kg). Weak correlations were observed between left ventricular mass/lean body mass and systolic or diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.25, p less than 0.05 and r = 0.28, p less than 0.01, respectively) but not age (18 to 72 years).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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