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Mutat Res. 1984 Sep;128(2):127-35.

Mutagenicity of neocarzinostatin in Neurospora crassa.


Neocarzinostatin (NCS) is an acidic, single-chain polypeptide of 109 amino acids that has shown some antitumor activity in clinical trials. NCS is mutagenic in recA+ strains of Escherichia coli, but not in recA strains; on the other hand, a defect in the nucleotide-excision-repair pathway has no effect on the mutagenicity of NCS in E. coli. Similar results are seen in mammalian cells. Excision-repair-deficient xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) cells repair NCS-induced DNA damage at the same rate as repair-proficient XP heterozygotes, and X-ray-sensitive ataxia telangiectasia fibroblasts are also sensitive to NCS. I have investigated the mutagenicity of NCS in the ad-3 forward-mutation test in nucleotide excision-repair-sufficient and -deficient heterokaryons of Neurospora crassa. Resting conidia from a repair-sufficient strain, H-12, and a nucleotide-excision-repair-deficient strain (uvs-2) H-59, were exposed to NCS. These conidia were assayed for survival and ad-3 forward mutation. The results show that H-59 is more sensitive to the killing and mutagenic activities of NCS than is H-12. These data indicate, in contrast to E. coli and mammalian cells, that the nucleotide-excision-repair pathway of N. crassa does repair NCS-induced lesions. In other experiments, ad-3 mutants induced by NCS in H-59 were characterized to determine the spectrum of NCS-induced mutation. The results show that NCS induces both intracistronic mutations and multilocus deletions in H-59.

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