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J Immunol. 1984 Jun;132(6):3091-7.

Streptococcal Fc receptors. I. Isolation and partial characterization of the receptor from a group C streptococcus.


A receptor for the Fc region of immunoglobulin G was extracted from a group C streptococcus, purified and physicochemically characterized. The Fc receptor was extracted in high yield by lysis of the bacteria after infection with bacteriophage. The soluble receptor was purified to functional homogeneity by sequential chromatography on cellulose phosphate, DEAE, and selective elution from a column of immobilized human IgG. Four hundred micrograms of the functionally pure protein was obtained per gram (wet weight) of bacteria extracted. The affinity-purified receptor was functionally homogeneous in binding to the Fc region of human IgG; however, the product was heterogeneous on both non-denaturing and SDS polyacrylamide gels. Four major protein bands were observed, with the predominant form of the Fc receptor having an m.w. of 64,000 daltons. Antibody prepared against the major Fc receptor protein ( FcRc -II) was capable of reacting with all the fractions and completely inhibiting functional activity. The results of the competitive binding studies suggest that the purified Fc receptor behaves as a single receptor, and that the differences in charge and size were probably due to covalently bound cell wall constituents.

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