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Immunology. 1984 Apr;51(4):633-42.

Analysis of the mechanism of immunodepression following heterologous antigenic stimulation during concurrent infection with Nematospiroides dubius.

Abstract

The suppression of immune responsiveness to heterologous antigenic stimulation during concurrent infection with Nematospiroides dubius was reproduced using soluble antigens derived from adult parasites. Immunosuppression appeared to be selective in that the administration of equivalent quantities of an irrelevant heterogeneous antigen had no immunosuppressive effect, and suppression was transferable using spleen cells from parasite antigen-treated donors. The differential immunomodulatory activity of parasite antigens from a variety of nematode species suggested that a correlation might exist between suppressor activity and chronicity of infection. A role for suppressor T cell activity in the infected host was implicated by the restorative effect of 2'deoxyguanosine treatment on the immune response, and non-specific suppressor cell activity was detected in splenocyte populations from infected mice. It is suggested that a parasite-induced defect in antigen processing led to the induction of suppressor cell activity in the infected host and that this may be one mechanism of parasite survival. The relevance of these observations to vaccination against chronic gastrointestinal nematode infections is discussed.

PMID:
6231240
PMCID:
PMC1454550
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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