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Biochemistry. 1984 Jan 3;23(1):130-5.

Effect of lipid composition on the calcium/adenosine 5'-triphosphate coupling ratio of the Ca2+-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum.


The Ca2+-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum was purified and depleted of proteolipids by solubilization in Triton X-100 and by fractionation on a DE-52 column. The protein reconstituted by deoxycholate-cholate dialysis at low lipid to protein ratios (2-5 mg of lipid/mg of protein), with either dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine or monogalactosyldiglyceride, exhibited high initial rates of ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake [300-900 nmol min-1 (mg of protein)-1] and coupling ratios (Ca2+ transported/ATP hydrolyzed) up to 1.2. Ca2+-ATPase reconstituted with lipids of increasing degrees of methylation (dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine, dioleoylmonomethylphosphatidylethanolamine, dioleoyldimethylphosphatidylethanolamine and dioleoylphosphatidylcholine) or increasing degrees of glycosylation (monogalactosyldiglyceride and digalactosyldiglyceride) revealed a progressive decrease in both ATP-dependent Ca2+-uptake and coupling ratios. The rate and extent of Ca2+ uptake decreased as the dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine or monogalactosyldiglyceride/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine molar ratios in the reconstituted vesicles were reduced. Vesicles reconstituted with high molar ratios of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine or monogalactosyldiglyceride/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine and at a high lipid to protein ratio became leaky and released the Ca2+ accumulated inside the vesicles when the temperature of the incubation mixture was increased (e.g., from 20 to 37 degrees C).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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