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J Immunol. 1983 Sep;131(3):1487-91.

Interleukin 2 deficiency in murine Leishmaniasis donovani and its relationship to depressed spleen cell responses to phytohemagglutinin.


This study examined the kinetics and mechanisms of depressed spleen cell responses to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) that occur during Leishmania donovani infection of BALB/c mice. In co-culture experiments, neither spleen cells from infected animals nor parasite-infected macrophages suppressed PHA responses of normal spleen cells. In addition, parasite-mediated suppression of PHA-stimulated spleen cell proliferation could not be demonstrated. Mice with 2 wk of infection did manifest an impairment in spleen cell production of interleukin 2 (IL 2) and by 8 wk IL 2 activity in supernatants from these cells was reduced by approximately 95%. This finding was not explained by an alteration in the kinetics of IL 2 production. Furthermore, diminished IL 2 activity in supernatants of PHA-activated spleen cells from infected animals was not caused by suppressive factors in these fluids as shown by their inability to suppress IL 2 stimulation of IL 2-dependent T cells. When spleen cells from mice with 8 wk of infection were cultured with PHA and supplemented with exogenous IL 2, there was an approximately 48% increase in mitogenesis. These data indicate that abnormal PHA-induced spleen cell activation in BALB/c mice with L. donovani infection is associated with impaired production of IL 2. In addition, the observation that supplementation of spleen cells from infected mice with IL 2 resulted in partial reconstitution of the PHA response is consistent with a defect in IL 2 responsiveness.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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