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J Biol Chem. 1983 Sep 25;258(18):10831-4.

2'-deoxyribosyl analogues of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine in cells treated with methotrexate or 5-fluorodeoxyuridine.


dUDP-GlcNAc, the 2'-deoxyribosyl analogue of UDP-GlcNAc, has been identified in human lymphoid cells treated with the dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor, methotrexate. It was shown previously that elevation of dUTP accompanies the gross expansion in intracellular deoxyuridylate pools that results from the methotrexate-induced block in thymidylate synthetase activity (1). dUDP-GlcNAc presumably is formed from dUTP acting in place of UTP in the normal pathway for formation of UDP-GlcNAc. Neither dUTP nor dUDP-GlcNAc has been detected in untreated cells. Inhibition of thymidylate synthetase by treatment of cells with 5-fluorodeoxyuridine (5-FdUrd) also causes the appearance of dUDP-GlcNAc, and, in addition, 5-FdUDP-GlcNAc, synthesized from 5-FdUTP. The metabolic effects, if any, of these analogues are not known. Synthesis of the analogues may help to limit accumulation of dUTP and 5-FdUTP under circumstances in which the deoxyuridine triphosphatase mechanism is insufficient.

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