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Endocrinol Jpn. 1982 Dec;29(6):695-700.

Effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus on hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in rats.


The effects of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in rats were studied. Streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) was injected ip. Rats were decapitated at two and four weeks after the streptozotocin treatment. Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), thyrotropin (TSH), thyroxine (T4), 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3), 3,3',5'-triiodothyronine (rT3), 3,3'-diiodothyronine (3,3'-T2) and 3',5'-diiodothyronine (3',5'-T2) were measured by means of the specific radioimmunoassay for each. Immunoreactive TRH (ir-TRH) contents in the hypothalamus significantly decreased at four weeks (p less than 0.02). Basal TSH levels in plasma significantly decreased (p less than 0.005, p less than 0.001), and plasma ir-TRH and TSH responses to cold were significantly inhibited after the streptozotocin treatment (p less than 0.001). The plasma TSH response to TRH was decreased, but not significantly. The plasma T4 and T3 levels fell significantly. RT3 did not change throughout the experiment. 3,3'-T2 levels in plasma fell significantly, whereas 3',5'-T2 increased. Blood glucose levels rose significantly after streptozotocin treatment, but insulin treatment led to partial restoration. The findings suggest that streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus affects various sites of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in rats.

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