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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Apr 22;723(1):1-6.

Cation requirement for the reconstitution of oligomycin-sensitive ATPase by means of soluble F1-ATPase and F1-depleted submitochondrial particles.

Abstract

Bovine heart submitochondrial particles depleted of F1 by treatment with urea ("F1-depleted particles') were incubated with soluble F1-ATPase. The binding of F1 to the particles and the concomitant conferral of oligomycin sensitivity on the ATPase activity required the presence of cations in the incubation medium. NH4+, K+, Rb+, Na+ and Li+ promoted reconstitution maximally at 40-74 mM, guanidinium+ and Tris+ at 20-30 mM, and Ca2+ and Mg2+ at 3-5 mM. The particles exhibited a negative zeta-potential, as determined by microelectrophoresis, and this was neutralized by mono- and divalent cations in the same concentration range as that needed to promote F1 binding and reconstitution of oligomycin-sensitive ATPase. It is concluded that the cations act by neutralizing negative charges on the membrane surface, mainly negatively charged phospholipids. These results are discussed in relation to earlier findings reported in the literature with F1-depleted thylakoid membranes and with submitochondrial particles depleted of both F1 and the coupling proteins F6 and oligomycin sensitivity-conferring protein.

PMID:
6219697
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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