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Eur J Biochem. 1982 Oct;127(2):429-36.

The binding sites for large and small high-mobility-group (HMG) proteins. Studies on HMG-nucleosome interactions in vitro.

Abstract

Studies in vitro of binding high-mobility-group (HMG) proteins to nucleosomal particles that differ in their DNA contents reflect several aspects pertinent to their function in vivo. Two molecules of HMG 14 or 17 are accommodated by particles with 140 or 180 base pairs of DNA whereas HMG 1 or 2 are only bound by the larger specimens irrespective of the presence of HMG 14/17. It is concluded that one molecule of HMG 1 or 2 binds to the 40 base pairs of linker DNA whereas the HMG 14 or 17 molecules associate with the nucleosomal core. At physiological ionic strength, HMG 14 binding is cooperative, probably by triggering a conformational change in the nucleosomal particle. The phenomenon has been studied by two independent techniques. Besides the common gel-electrophoretic system, a centrifugation assay is described, which permits the derivation of a Hill coefficient nH = 1.3 and dissociation constants in the range of 30-90 nM at 0.15 M NaCl, pH 6.8.

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