Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Immunol Rev. 1982;65:99-113.

Effect of cyclophosphamide on immunological control mechanisms.


Cyclophosphamide (CY) given before immunization causes greatly increased delayed hypersensitivity skin reactions. Increased cell-mediated immunity is associated with depletion of B-lymphocytes from lymphoid tissue and a depression of those lymphocytes whose precursors turn over more rapidly. In the guinea pig, replacement studies showed that the depleted cells were not T-lymphocytes and had immunoglobulin adherent to their surface, a characteristic of B-lymphocytes. Delayed hypersensitivity reactions increased by CY include chemical contact sensitivity, the tuberculin reaction, delayed hypersensitivity to tularemia vaccine and the Jones-Mote reaction to soluble protein antigens. Pretreatment with CY can also increase the antibody response to some antigens, but depress the response to others. In addition, CY has been found to reverse immunological tolerance where this form of unresponsiveness is due to suppressor cells. CY can also enhance the immune response following depression by antigenic competition or desensitization. Other drugs with a similar, but lesser, effect include melphalan, azathioprine and methotrexate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center