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Endocrinology. 1984 Oct;115(4):1350-6.

Effect of dexamethasone on adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate content and phosphodiesterase activities in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.


After incubation with 0.5 mM isobutylmethylxanthine, 1 microM dexamethasone, and 1 microM insulin for 72 h, 3T3-L1 cells acquire the phenotypic characteristics of mature adipocytes, including a hormone-sensitive particulate cAMP phosphodiesterase activity. In addition, adipocytes contain soluble cAMP and calmodulin-sensitive and -insensitive cGMP phosphodiesterase activities. After exposure of the differentiated cells to 1 microM epinephrine, cAMP content increased, reaching a maximum in 2-4 min, and then declined to the control level by 20 min. After incubation of adipocytes with 10 nM dexamethasone for 72 h, the initial increment in cAMP produced by epinephrine was not altered, but the decline in cellular cAMP to basal levels was delayed. Treatment with 10 nM dexamethasone prevented hormonal activation of particulate cAMP phosphodiesterase activity without altering basal activity (11). Soluble cAMP and calmodulin-sensitive and -insensitive cGMP phosphodiesterase activities were also reduced by exposure to 10 nM dexamethasone; higher concentrations were required to decrease basal particulate phosphodiesterase activities. Estradiol did not alter phosphodiesterase activities. Incubation of either undifferentiated (fibroblasts) or differentiated (adipocytes) 3T3-L1 cells with 1 microM dexamethasone for 48 h reduced cAMP and cGMP phosphodiesterase activities. After removal of dexamethasone, phosphodiesterase activities were restored to control levels in 4-6 days. The effects of dexamethasone on phosphodiesterase activities could in part account for the observed alterations in hormone-induced accumulation of cAMP in steroid-treated cells and for the permissive effects of glucocorticoids on certain cAMP-mediated processes.

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