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J Immunol. 1984 Oct;133(4):2180-5.

Stimulation of basophil and rat mast cell histamine release by eosinophil granule-derived cationic proteins.


Major basic protein (MBP), an arginine-rich basic polypeptide that constitutes the crystalloid core of the large specific eosinophil granule, has previously been shown to stimulate noncytolytic histamine release from human basophils and rat mast cells by an IgE-independent mechanism. Two additional basic polypeptides present in eosinophil granules, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), were examined for similar activity in the present study. Acid-solubilized eosinophil granules were fractionated by chromatography on a Sephadex G-50 column. Incubation of basophil-containing human mononuclear cells with the individual column fractions demonstrated that histamine release occurred only with the fractions that contained MBP. The selectivity of the basophil response for MBP was confirmed by using equimolar concentrations of purified MBP, ECP, and EDN. In contrast, both MBP and ECP, but not EDN, stimulated histamine release from purified rat peritoneal mast cells. Reduction and alkylation of the MBP molecule diminished the response of human basophils to MBP but enhanced the potency of the molecule with rat mast cells. The distinct potency of MBP as a stimulus for histamine secretion from human basophils suggests that eosinophil release of MBP may be a specific event in the augmentation of immediate hypersensitivity reactions and other disorders characterized by eosinophilia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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