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Chem Biol Interact. 1984 Sep 15;51(2):233-46.

The effect of bleomycin on DNA in Escherichia coli K12 cells.


In Escherichia coli cells treated to reduce colony-forming ability to about 10%, bleomycin causes fewer than six randomly located DNA single-strand breaks or three double-strand breaks per genome. This is many fewer than produced by strand-breaking agents such as ionizing radiations in cells with similar loss of colony-forming ability. Bleomycin treatment to this level of colony-forming ability does affect the intracellular DNA, as shown by a change in the sedimentation rate of the chromosomal structure found in lysates made with sodium dodecyl sulfate. Bleomycin may act on only a limited part of the chromosome of such cells, perhaps the part associated with the outer cell membrane, or it may make strand breaks that are less repairable than those formed by ionizing radiations. Extensive DNA degradation in heavily treated cells (colony-forming ability 1% or less) could be from the action on DNA of bleomycin entering freely through membranes which are no longer intact, or from enzymatic degradation in heavily damaged cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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