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J Immunol. 1984 Aug;133(2):1037-41.

Specific cytolysis of fresh tumor cells by an autologous killer T cell line derived from an adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma patient.


Cytotoxic T cells (Tc) derived from one patient with adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) killed fresh autologous lymphoma cells in vitro. The Tc were induced from peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) of this patient during remission by multiple in vitro stimulations with an autologous ATLV-bearing cell line (ILT) that was previously established by cloning of PBL in the presence of interleukin 2 (IL 2). PBL from eight other ATL patients were stimulated in the same manner, and responder cells from a patient in remission also showed cytotoxicity specific for ATL virus (ATLV)-bearing cells. Fresh lymphoma cells were obtained in relapse and were used as target cells for the autologous Tc induced. They became susceptible to the Tc within 4 hr of in vitro incubation, and their susceptibility increased with incubation time for at least 12 hr. ATLV antigens on the cell surface of these lymphoma cells, however, were not detected by radioimmunoassay during these incubation periods, but were detectable after 16 hr of incubation. In addition, cytotoxicity against lymphoma cells was completely inhibited by autologous ILT cells used as "cold" target competitor cells. These findings indicate that the target antigen of the Tc was expressed on both autologous ILT cells and lymphoma cells, and it may be different from ATLV antigens detected by serologic methods. In addition, the data suggested allogeneic restriction of the Tc in that the preferentially killed allogeneic ATLV-bearing cells share several HLA antigens.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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