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Biokhimiia. 1984 Apr;49(4):633-43.

[Isolation and characteristics of poly(A+) RNA in the lactating bovine udder].

[Article in Russian]


Total cellular poly(A+)-RNA was isolated from a lactating cow mammary gland. The poly(A+)-RNA molecules exhibit a heterogeneous distribution from 500 to 5000 nucleotides (average size--1600 nucleotides) and are made up of three main fractions (1550, 950 and 600 nucleotides) possessing a high template activity during translation in vitro. Optimal conditions for poly(A+)-RNA translation in a cell-free protein-synthesizing system from wheat embryos were elaborated. Immunochemical analysis of translation products revealed that 30% of the synthesized polypeptides are precipitated by immunoglobulins against cow milk proteins. Using hybridization with homologous cDNA, the kinetic complexity and heterogeneity of total cellular poly(A+)-RNA were investigated. This population was shown to consist of four classes differing in the diversity of their nucleotide sequences and the number of copies per cell. The total amount of the poly(A+)-RNA species in the cells of a lactating cow mammary gland is 9200, i.e., 0.46% of the genome complexity.

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