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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1984 Mar;73(3):391-9.

Exercise and isocapnic hyperventilation-induced bronchoconstriction in asthma: relevance of circulating basophils to measurements of plasma histamine.

Abstract

The relationship of airway cooling during exercise to changes in airway caliber, plasma histamine levels, and circulating basophils was investigated in eight allergic asthmatic and eight normal subjects. In asthma matched RHE during exercise and ICH produced almost identical bronchoconstriction with maximum falls in SGaw of 61.0 +/- 4.5% and 57.9 +/- 5.2%, respectively. A similar RHE in normal subjects was associated with a 7.9 +/- 3.3% fall in SGaw. The resting plasma-histamine levels were higher in the asthmatic (0.52 +/- 0.06 ng/ml) than in the normal (0.31 +/- 0.07 ng/ml, p less than 0.05) subjects. No significant change in plasma histamine occurred after exercise in either group nor in the asthmatic subjects with ICH. In contrast, exercise but not ICH stimulated an increase in leukocytes, basophils, and total blood histamine in parallel with the airway response that reached a maximum at 2 to 5 min in both normal and asthmatic subjects. There was a positive correlation between basal plasma and total blood-histamine levels (r = 0.67, p less than 0.01) in normal and asthmatic subjects suggesting that basophils contribute significantly to plasma histamine. The spontaneous basophil release of histamine was greater in asthmatic (13.4 +/- 2%) than in normal subjects (6.46 +/- 7%, p less than 0.005), which is consistent with the higher resting plasma-histamine levels in the asthmatic subjects. These findings suggest that plasma-histamine changes with exercise in asthma but not ICH may be related to the associated basophilia and sample handling rather than intrapulmonary mast cell degranulation.

PMID:
6199398
DOI:
10.1016/0091-6749(84)90414-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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