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Dev Biol. 1984 Mar;102(1):122-9.

Cell lineage analysis of neural induction: origins of cells forming the induced nervous system.

Abstract

Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was used as an intracellular lineage tracer in two experiments designed to reveal the sites of origin of cells that formed the duplicate embryo which developed in relation to an organizer grafted in the ventral marginal zone (VMZ) of Xenopus laevis embryos. In the first experiment a dorsal blastoporal lip fully labeled with HRP was grafted in the VMZ of an unlabeled embryo at the beginning of gastrulation. This resulted in development of a second embryo in which labeled cells, of graft origin, formed the notochord, and parts of the somites, endoderm, and neural tube. The second experiment was designed to show the sites of origin of the host's cells that formed parts of the induced embryo. HRP was injected into individual blastomeres in a series of Xenopus embryos at the 32-cell stage and each embryo received an unlabeled organizer graft in the VMZ at the beginning of gastrulation. In these embryos the lineages that contributed to the host's primary neural tube did not contribute any cells to the induced neural tube. All the cells in the induced neural tube which originated from the host were descendants of ventral blastomeres that did not contribute to the neural tube normally. This shows that the second neural tube is formed as a result of the action of the organizer on cells in its immediate vicinity which would not normally have entered neural pathways of differentiation.

PMID:
6199240
DOI:
10.1016/0012-1606(84)90180-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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