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Mol Immunol. 1983 Dec;20(12):1353-62.

Monoclonal antibodies specific for the M- and N-forms of human glycophorin A.


Four mouse monoclonal antibodies directed against the red cell membrane protein glycophorin A have been isolated and characterized. They are produced by hybridomas derived from SP2/0 myeloma cells and spleen cells from Biozzi mice immunized with a mixture of human erythrocytes from homozygous blood group M and N individuals. These antibodies recognize and bind to purified glycophorin A and to glycophorin on the red cell surface. All are of the IgGl, kappa light chain subclass and bind to determinants presented on the 39 amino acid, trypsin-sensitive, N-terminal peptide of glycophorin A. Three display differential specificities for the two allelic forms of glycophorin A; two are exquisitely specific for the M-form and one preferentially binds the N-form. Treatment of red cells with neuraminidase, which removes N-acetylneuraminic acid from glycophorin A, abolishes the binding of these three antibodies. The binding of the N-specific antibody is also sensitive to modification of the amino-terminal residue of the antigen. The fourth antibody binds equally well to both the M- and N-forms as well as to neuraminidase-treated red cells; thus it recognizes a public, N-acetylneuraminic acid independent glycophorin A determinant.

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