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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1983 Nov;80(22):6937-41.

Different 3' end points of deletions causing delta beta-thalassemia and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin: implications for the control of gamma-globin gene expression in man.

Abstract

DNA at the end point of the gene deletion associated with one form of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) was cloned and used as a probe in gene mapping experiments to analyze the extent and approximate 3' end points of various deletions associated with HPFH and delta beta-thalassemia. The deletions in the two known forms of deletion-type HPFH were shown to be considerably more extensive than in the two cases of delta beta-thalassemia studied. The overall extents of the deletions in the two types of HPFH were quite similar in both cases and the 3' end points were located at a minimum distance of approximately equal to 52 and 57 kilobases from the 3' extremity of the beta-globin gene. In contrast, the 3' end points of the deletions in the two forms of delta beta-thalassemia were located approximately equal to 5 and 10 kilobases to the 3' side of the beta-globin gene. The extent of these deletions and the nature of the DNA brought into the vicinity of the gamma-globin genes by the deletions may therefore be a more important influence on the phenotype of the deletions than the specific nature of the DNA sequences that are deleted within the non-alpha-globin gene cluster as a result of the mutations.

PMID:
6196781
PMCID:
PMC390101
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.80.22.6937
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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