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Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 Jan;31(1):134-41.

Estimation of available dietary iron.


Dietary iron requirements are dependent on the amount and availability of food iron ingested. On the basis of recent studies of food iron absorption employing extrinsic tag techniques, the availability of heme iron has been defined and estimates of the availability of nonheme iron based on the amounts of enhancing substances appear possible. A model has been developed whereby the availability of iron in a given meal may be estimated. Calculations are made on a meal basis of 1) the amount of heme iron and its availability, and 2) the amount of nonheme iron and its availability as influenced by the meal's content of enhancing factors. Examples of these calculations are provided.

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