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Anal Biochem. 1983 May;131(1):246-53.

Simultaneous determination of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, and homovanillic acid in cerebrospinal fluid with high-performance liquid chromatography using electrochemical detection.


An improved high-performance liquid chromatographic method with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC) for the simultaneous determination of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and homovanillic acid (HVA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of humans and nonhuman primates is described. Quantitation is based on the use of an internal standard, 5-fluoro-HVA. Sample preparation consists of mixing an aliquot of CSF with a solution of the internal standard followed by ultrafiltration. The precision of the method is high, with within-run and between-run coefficients of variation of 2-6% and less than 10%, respectively, in the concentration ranges of the metabolites encountered in human lumbar CSF. Accuracy was tested by comparing the present HPLC method with specific gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric (GS-MS) assays for MHPG and HVA and a GC-MS-validated HPLC assay for 5-HIAA: the correlations obtained were 0.968 for MHPG, 0.989 for 5-HIAA, and 0.999 for HVA, with no systematic bias between the methods. The use of ascorbate as a preserving agent for monoamine metabolites in CSF was not found to be necessary when proper care was exercised in sample handling and storage. The analysis of samples with up to 2% ascorbic acid was possible as well, but MHPG had to be assayed separately using an extraction procedure and an alternative internal standard, 3-ethoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol.

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