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J Cell Biochem. 1983;21(2):93-105.

Inhibition of heme synthesis in bone marrow cells by succinylacetone: effect on globin synthesis.


The effects of 4,6-dioxoheptanoic acid (succinylacetone, SA), an inhibitor of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, on total iron uptake, heme synthesis, and globin synthesis were studied in rat marrow cells in culture in order to examine the coordination of heme and globin synthesis. SA inhibited heme synthesis in both control and erythropoietin-stimulated cells in a dose-dependent fashion; at 10(-3) M, inhibition was complete, whereas at 10(-7) M, there was no significant effect. Inhibition of total iron uptake was also dose-dependent although, at 10(-3) M, it was not complete. The inhibition of heme synthesis by SA was partially overcome by addition of 10(-4) M porphobilinogen or protoporphyrin IX. SA caused an almost complete suppression of globin formation in both erythropoietin-stimulated and unstimulated cells as early as five hours after the addition of the inhibitor. When inhibition of heme synthesis was incomplete, globin synthesis was partially inhibited. These results indicate that heme synthesis is required for erythropoietin-mediated induction of globin synthesis in cultured bone marrow cells.

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