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J Neurochem. 1983 Sep;41(3):759-63.

Adenosine A1 receptors are associated with cerebellar granule cells.


The cerebellum of mouse appears to have only the adenosine A1 receptor, which decreases adenylate cyclase activity, and not the A2 receptor, which increases adenylate cyclase activity. The adenosine analog N6-(L-phenylisopropyl)adenosine (PIA), stimulates the A1 receptor in a membrane preparation and decreases basal adenylate cyclase activity by 40%. The EC50 for PIA is approximately 50 nM. To associate the A1 receptor with a cerebellar cell type, three different neurological mutant mouse strains were studied: staggerer (Purkinje and granule cell defect), nervous (Purkinje cell defect), and weaver (granule cell defect). PIA was unable to effect a maximal decrease in adenylate cyclase activity of membranes prepared from cerebella of the staggerer and weaver mice in comparison with the respective littermate control mice. In contrast, membranes from nervous mice and their littermates showed similar PIA dose-response curves. Moreover, the diminished PIA response observed in the weaver cerebellum, when compared with the control littermate, was not detected in the striatum. This suggests no overall brain defect in the adenosine A1 receptors coupled to adenylate cyclase of the weaver mouse. We conclude that a loss of granule cells coincides with an attenuated response to PIA, implying that the A1 receptors are associated with the granule cells of the cerebellum.

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