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Antithrombin III Padua: a "new" congenital antithrombin III abnormality with normal or near normal activity, normal antigen, abnormal migration and no thrombotic disease.


A "new" antithrombin III abnormality is described in four members of a family. The proposita is a 38 years old female who showed no thrombotic disease and the following laboratory pattern: normal routine clotting tests, normal or near normal AT III activity (chromogenic substrates S-2238 and Chromozym Th) both in plasma and in serum and in the presence or absence of heparin, slightly decreased antifactor Xa activity (chromogenic substrate S-2222), normal progressive antithrombin, normal AT III antigen but abnormal migration in the agarose-heparin bidimensional system. In the latter test, one major abnormal peak, less anodal than the normal counterpart, and a smaller, apparently normal peak, were seen. In agarose without heparin the pattern was similar to normal both in plasma and in serum. Heparin tolerance to heparin in vivo and in vitro was slightly increased but still within normal limits. The two sons and a paternal aunt showed the same pattern. The hereditary pattern seems therefore autosomal dominant. The abnormality described appears different from AT III Budapest. The toponym of antithrombin III Padua is proposed to define this peculiar abnormality.

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