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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1983 May-Jun;5(3):430-7.

The pharmacology of a beta 2-selective adrenoceptor antagonist (ICI 118,551).


While specific antagonists of the beta 1-adrenoceptor, such as atenolol and betaxolol, are widely available, a potent specific antagonist selective for the beta 2-adrenoceptor has yet to be described. Previously described beta 2-selective antagonists such as butoxamine, H 35/25, and IPS 339 are lacking in potency, specificity, or appropriate beta 2-selectivity. ICI 118,551 [erythro-dl-1-(7-methylindan-4-yloxy)-3-isopropylaminobutan-2-ol] possesses a high degree of selectivity and specificity for the beta 2-adrenoceptor. The affinity of propranolol and ICI 118,551 for beta-adrenoceptors has been determined by comparing their antagonist potencies, expressed as pA2 values, against the actions of isoproterenol on the guinea pig atrium and uterus. ICI 118,551 had a higher affinity for the uterine beta 2-receptor than did propranolol (pA2 9.26 and 8.64, respectively) but a lower affinity for the atrial beta 1-receptor (pA2 7.17 and 8.30, respectively). Thus, the beta 2/ beta 1-selectivity ratios, in vitro, were 123 for ICI 118,551 and 2.2 for propranolol. The potency and selectivity of ICI 118,551 and atenolol on the chronotropic and vasodilator actions of isoproterenol were compared in anaesthetised dogs. The apparent K' B values at the vascular beta-adrenoceptor were 2.1 micrograms/kg for ICI 118,551 and 253 micrograms/kg for atenolol, and the potency ratio for antagonism of vascular versus atrial actions of isoproterenol was greater than 250:1. In regard to ancillary pharmacological properties, ICI 118,551 has no partial agonist activity but has a membrane-stabilising action similar to that of propranolol.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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