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J Biol Chem. 1983 Jul 25;258(14):8582-7.

Hormone-sensitive particulate cAMP phosphodiesterase activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Regulation of responsiveness by dexamethasone.


Confluent 3T3-L1 fibroblasts incubated for 72 h with methylisobutylxanthine, dexamethasone, and insulin differentiate and acquire phenotypic characteristics of mature adipocytes, including hormone-sensitive cAMP phosphodiesterase activity located in a particulate fraction of homogenates. About 10 days after initiating differentiation, a maximally effective concentration of insulin (100 pM) increased particulate cAMP phosphodiesterase activity 40 to 60% in 8 min; activation persisted for at least 30 min in the presence of insulin. Incubation of adipocytes for 6-8 min with agents that increased cAMP, e.g. 1 microM epinephrine, 0.1 microM isoproterenol, corticotropin (2 mu units/ml), or thyroid-stimulating hormone (15 ng/ml), also increased particulate phosphodiesterase activity 40-60%. Changes in phosphodiesterase activity produced by epinephrine tended to lag behind changes in cAMP. Insulin, epinephrine, and corticotropin increased Vmax, not Km (0.5 microM), for cAMP. Particulate phosphodiesterase activity, solubilized with detergent, eluted in a single peak from DEAE-Bio-Gel. Insulin and epinephrine increased the activity eluted in this peak. Neither insulin nor lipolytic hormones increased activity in soluble fractions from differentiated cells or particulate or soluble fractions from undifferentiated cells. Incubation of adipocytes for 48 h with 1 microM dexamethasone prevented insulin-induced activation of the particulate phosphodiesterase and did not alter basal activity. After incubation for 72 h with 0.1 microM dexamethasone, insulin and epinephrine activation were abolished. These effects of dexamethasone on hormonal regulation of particulate phosphodiesterase activity could account for some of the so-called permissive effects of glucocorticoids on cAMP-mediated processes as well as the "anti-insulin" effects of glucocorticoids.

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