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J Nutr. 1978 Jan;108(1):163-75.

Threonine metabolism in vivo: effect of threonine intake and prior induction of threonine dehydratase in rats.


The metabolic fate of threonine was investigated in young male rats fed 15% amino acid diets containing from 0.15% to 0.85% of L-threonine. Liver serine-threonine dehydratase (S-TDH) activity did not increase with increasing dietary threonine content. The level of threonine required for maximum weight gain was not greater than 0.55% of the diet (or about 600 mumoles/day). Tissue free threonine content of rats fed the diets with 0.15% or 0.3% of threonine was very low but increased sharply with increasing dietary threonine content above 0.3%. During ad libitum feeding of these diets containing L-[U-14C]threonine, rate of oxidation of threonine was low when intake was in the range of the requirement for maximum growth, but increased, thereafter as threonine intake increased. A 30-fold induction of liver S-TDH, by prior feeding of an 80% casein diet, did not result in increased oxidation of threonine when dietary threonine content was 0.15%. When dietary threonine content was increased to 0.5%, oxidation of threonine increased slightly but significantly. With 3% of threonine in the diet, rats previously fed a 15% casein diet had extremely high tissue threonine concentrations whereas those with high S-TDH activity, due to the previous feeding of the 80% casein diet, oxidized threonine rapidly and tissue threonine concentrations were elevated much less.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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