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Thromb Res. 1983 Mar 15;29(6):569-81.

A radioimmunoassay for thrombospondin, used in a comparative study of thrombospondin, beta-thromboglobulin and platelet factor 4 in healthy volunteers.


A radioimmunoassay was developed for the platelet alpha-granule protein thrombospondin; concentrations of thrombospondin as low as 3 ng ml-1 could be measured. There was no interference from other components of human biological fluids and no crossreactivity with beta-thromboglobulin (beta-TG) or platelet factor 4 (PF4). Plasma samples were stable when stored at -20 degrees C. Normal human plasma contained 105.0 +/- 31.0 ng thrombospondin ml-1 compared with beta-TG concentrations of 37.2 +/- 10.9 ng ml-1 and PF4 concentrations of 14.7 +/- 10.1 ng ml-1 when samples were carefully taken into a platelet inhibitor cocktail and processed at 0-4 degrees C. Release of thrombospondin during clotting of blood occurred at the same time as that of beta-TG and PF4 and resulted in a serum concentration of 17.5 +/- 5.5 micrograms ml-1. Assay of whole blood gave a platelet thrombospondin content of 89.1 +/- 28.3 ng/10(6) platelets. The concentration in normal urine fluctuated widely from 3 to 22.5 ng ml-1, and was unrelated to urine flow. The half-life of thrombospondin in vivo was about 9 h, much longer than that of either beta-TG or PF4. Unlike PF4, it was not released into the blood following an intravenous heparin injection. Bovine, ovine, canine and porcine sera contained thrombospondin which crossreacted immunologically with the human molecule; these species would be suitable animal models for the study of thrombospondin and its value as a platelet release marker.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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