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Virology. 1983 Feb;125(1):8-17.

Monoclonal antibodies distinguish between wild and vaccine strains of yellow fever virus by neutralization, hemagglutination inhibition, and immune precipitation of the virus envelope protein.

Abstract

Nineteen monoclonal antibodies were produced to the 17D strain of yellow fever virus (17D YF). Virus-specific structural and nonstructural proteins were identified for 17D YF and for the parent wild Asibi YF by radioimmunoprecipitation and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Fourteen of the monoclonal antibodies were directed against the envelope glycoprotein, E, and five against the nonstructural protein gp 48. The E protein of 17D YF was resolved as a double complex whereas the E protein of Asibi YF appeared as a single band of slightly lower molecular weight. The only IgM anti-E antibody obtained precipitated and neutralized 17D YF specifically with no activity against Asibi YF. This antibody also distinguished clearly by neutralization (N) between the 17D-204 derived vaccine strain to which the animal had been immunized and 17D YF strains of different origin. All 13 IgG anti-E monoclonal antibodies had hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) activity to 17D YF and all but one neutralized Asibi YF; however, only 3 of the 13 neutralized 17D YF. Four anti-E antibodies cross-reacted with other flaviviruses by HI or HI and N. Three of the five anti-gp 48 antibodies had complement-fixation (CF) titers against 17D YF and Asibi YF but none had N or HI activity.

PMID:
6187129
DOI:
10.1016/0042-6822(83)90059-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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