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Virology. 1983 Feb;125(1):31-46.

Transcription in human fibroblasts permissively infected by human cytomegalovirus strain AD169.


We used cloned subgenomic DNA fragments of human cytomegalovirus strain AD169 as hybridization reagents to analyze the sites of transcription and abundance of viral RNA in permissively infected human embryonic lung cells. RNA extracted from immediate early, early, middle, and late times in the infection was attached to filters and hybridized with excess cloned subgenomic fragments. Each hybridization was performed with an internal standard to allow quantitation of the RNA concentration and standardization for the variation in probe complexity and specific activity. We found immediate early transcription in the AD169 strain occurring primarily from three regions in the long unique segment at 0.061-0.110, 0.117-0.142, and 0.588-0.616 map units. A low level of transcription was also detected from the long unique segment at 0.230-0.372, 0.419-0.437 and 0.703-0.707 map units and the short unique segment and terminal repeats at 0.00-0.046, 0.776-0.854, and 0.892-1.00 map units. At 8 hr after infection in the presence of de novo protein synthesis, the transcription pattern was changed. Two of the major immediate early sites at 0.061-0.110 and 0.117-0.142 map units were represented less abundantly in the absence of cycloheximide while the site at 0.588-0.616 map units was represented at the same level. The most abundant early RNA was synthesized from the terminal repeat sequences and part of the short unique segment at 0.00-0.046, 0.776-0.822, and 0.892-1.00 map units. Steady-state RNA from the midpoint of the infection hybridized with most regions of the genome. Abundantly transcribed regions included the abundant early sites mentioned above (0.00-0.046, 0.588-0.616, 0.776-0.822, and 0.892-1.00 map units), several new sites in the long unique segment at 0.104-0.110, 0.576-0.588, 0.653-0.664, 0.703-0.707, and 0.766-0.776 map units and the L-S junction fragment at 0.804-0.854 map unit. RNA from late in the infection hybridized to all subgenomic fragments. The sites of de novo RNA synthesis along the genome were determined by hybridizing pulse-labeled RNA to individual cloned subgenomic fragments attached to filters. Transcription from the terminal repeat sequences and the long unique segment at 0.576-0.588 map unit accounted for 40% of the total viral RNA synthesized from 22 to 28 hr after infection. Of the total de novo RNA synthesis from 71 to 77 hr after infection, 4.3% was virus specific and 47% of the total de novo synthesized viral RNA hybridized to the terminal repeat sequences.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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