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Can J Microbiol. 1982 Mar;28(3):344-50.

Fatty acid requirement of Treponema denticola and Treponema vincentii.


Treponema denticola and Treponema vincentii were cultured in a medium supplemented with either 0.2 or 0.4% (w/v) alpha globulin in place of serum. The active factor(s) in alpha globulin was stable at pH 7.0 to autoclaving and was nondialyzable. Extraction of lipids from alpha globulin showed that both protein and lipid, supplied by the alpha globulin, were required for maximal growth of these two oral treponemes. The lipid component was investigated by adding sodium salts of long-chain fatty acids to the basal medium supplemented with 0.4% delipified alpha globulin. The lipid component of alpha globulin was replaced by either oleic acid (cis-18:1(9)) or by elaidic acid (trans- 18:1 (9)0. No other saturated or unsaturated fatty acid tested could support good growth. Tween 80 (polysorbitan monooleate) was the only Tween compound able to support maximal growth of T. denticola. The cellular lipids of T. denticola, grown with oleate in broth supplemented with 0.4% delipified alpha globulin, were extracted and analyzed by gas chromatography. The principle fatty acids were myristic, pentadecanoic, and palmitic acids. Lesser amounts of oleic acid, eicosadienoic acid, and an unidentified fatty acid (retention time, 88 min) were also detected. Treponema denticola appears to be capable of limited synthesis of cellular fatty acids such as myristic, pentadecanoic, and palmitic acids from oleic acid.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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