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Ann Intern Med. 1976 Oct;85(4):417-22.

Bleomycin, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (BACOP) combination chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced diffuse histiocytic lymphoma.


A new combination chemotherapy program for patients with diffuse histiocytic and mixed histiocytic-lymphocytic lymphoma was designed to prevent tumor recurrence during the recovery period of each treatment cycle. A myelosuppressive phase consisting of adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, and vincristine was followed by the nonmyelosuppressive agents bleomycin and prednisone to suppress regrowth of lymphoma while allowing for a return in bone marrow function. Twelve of 25 patients (48%) with advanced, previously untreated, diffuse histiocytic lymphoma achieved a complete remission as determined by restaging 1 month after discontinuation of treatment. The median duration of complete response after completion of therapy is in excess of 1 year (range, 5 to 30 months), and no patient has relapsed. Based on previous experience, it is anticipated that the majority of these patients will achieve an extended disease-free survival for what had previously been regarded as an invariably fatal disease.

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