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J Virol. 1981 Oct;40(1):184-96.

Comparison of phosphorylation of two polyoma virus middle T antigens in vivo and in vitro.


Two species of polyoma virus middle T antigen were detected in both lytically infected and transformed cells by in vitro kinase assay of immunoprecipitates. A minor species with an apparent molecular weight of 58,000 (58K) represented less than 10% of the total middle T protein. This species was roughly 10 times more active as a phosphate acceptor than was the predominant 56K form. Partial proteolytic mapping experiments showed that the same site was phosphorylated in both species. Mapping of the middle T antigens from a series of deletion mutants suggested that the major site of phosphorylation is tyrosine residue 315. Phosphorylation occurred on both middle T species in vivo, involving sites predominantly other than the tyrosine labeled in vitro. The 56K and 58K middle T forms differed from each other in their in vivo phosphorylation patterns. Some phosphate was incorporated into the 58K species in a region of the molecule to which at least part of the apparent molecular weight different could be mapped. hr-t mutant NG-59, which codes for a slightly altered middle T, produced only a single species (56K) which was inactive in the in vitro kinase reaction. Moreover, no 58K species appeared in vivo with this mutant. hr-t mutants are therefore defective in both aspects of phosphorylation. Phenotypically normal revertant cells of a polyoma transformed line failed to express any middle T antigens or associated kinase activity.

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