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J Pediatr. 1981 Aug;99(2):223-7.

Coloboma, congenital heart disease, and choanal atresia with multiple anomalies: CHARGE association.

Abstract

We report 21 patients with choanal atresia or ocular coloboma or both who have certain other associated anomalies, including congenital heart disease, postnatal growth deficiency, mental retardation and/or CNS anomalies, microphallus and cryptorchidism, and ear anomalies and/or deafness. Facial palsy, micrognathia, cleft palate, and swallowing difficulties were also common. It has not been possible to define a single etiology or a syndrome in these patients. We propose the mnemonic CHARGE (C-coloboma, H-heart disease, A-atresia choanae, R-retarded growth and retarded development and/or CNS anomalies, G-genital hypoplasia, and E-ear anomalies and/or deafness) to describe the features of this association.

PMID:
6166737
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-3476(81)80454-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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