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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1980;2 Suppl 1:S61-71.

Clonidine in the treatment of hypertension.


Clonidine has clearly been shown to be effective in the treatment of all grades of hypertension. Clonidine by itself, when compared with placebo, has proved its worth in the treatment of essential hypertension; it has also been found to be more effective than diuretic treatment alone. When clonidine and a diuretic have been combined, the combination has proved superior to either clonidine or the diuretic given alone. The combination of clonidine with a diuretic is equal in efficacy to combinations of a diuretic with a beta-blocker, alpha-methyldopa, or prazosin. Combinations of a diuretic, a vasodilator, and clonidine were useful in patients with refractory hypertension that failed to respond to a two-drug regimen. Clonidine has also been shown to be effective in patients with renal failure or in hypertensive crisis.

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