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Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1980;361(2):169-76.

Interaction between human pancreatic elastase and plasma protease inhibitors.


1 ml of human serum inhibits about 0.9 mg of purified human pancreatic elastase owing to complexation with alpha 1-antitrypsin and alpha 2-macroglobulin. On addition to serum, elastase is preferentially bound by alpha 2-macroglobulin. The complexes between elastase and alpha 1-antitrypsin and alpha 2-macroglobulin, respectively, migrate as alpha 2-globulin on agarose gel electrophoresis. Elastase bound by alpha 1-antitrypsin is precipitated by antibodies against enzyme as well as inhibitor, while the alpha 2-macroglobulin-bound elastase is only precipitated by antibodies against the inhibitor. The molar combining ratio for elastase/alpha 1-antitrypsin is 1:1 and for elastase/alpha 2-macroglobulin 2:1. The elastase bound by alpha 2-macroglobulin retains its activity against low molecular weight substrates, while that bound by alpha 1-antitrypsin is enzymologically inactive.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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