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Int J Obes. 1984;8 Suppl 1:1-11.

Treatment of obesity with thermogenic beta-adrenoceptor agonists: studies on BRL 26830A in rodents.

Abstract

Studies on BRL 26830A in rodents have shown that thermogenic beta-adrenoceptor agonists have potential for the therapy of obesity. BRL 26830A reduced body weight gain in ob/ob mice and fa/fa rats by reducing lipid accumulation. It had no effect on lean body mass. BRL 26830A did not reduce food intake, its anti-obesity effect being due to stimulation of energy expenditure. This thermic effect was enhanced in the obese animals by repeat dosing. BRL 26830A did not affect body weight gain in the lean counterparts of the obese animals because its thermic effect in lean animals was reduced by repeat dosing. Brown adipose tissue is an important site of BRL 26830A-induced thermogenesis. A single dose of BRL 26830A raised brown adipose tissue temperature, depleted brown adipose tissue lipid and unmasked GDP-binding sites in brown adipose tissue mitochondria. Repeat dosing caused hypertrophy of brown adipose tissue and improved cold tolerance in mice. In-vitro studies showed that the rat brown adipocyte beta-adrenoceptor does not fall into the beta 1/beta 2 classification and BRL 28410, which mediates the biological effects of BRL 26830A in vivo, selectively stimulated the brown adipocyte receptor. It is concluded that BRL 26830A achieves its anti-obesity effect by mimicking natural mechanisms involved in thermogenesis and the control of body weight.

PMID:
6152555
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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