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Effects of suppression of eggshell calcification and of 1,25(OH)2D3 on Mg2+, Ca2+ and Mg2+HCO-3 ATPase, alkaline phosphatase, carbonic anhydrase and CaBP levels--II. The laying hen intestine.


Activity of a HCO-3 stimulated Mg2+ dependent ATPase is demonstrated in mitochondrial fractions of the avian duodenum. Suppression of eggshell calcification resulted in a slight reduction in Mg2+, Ca2+ and Mg2+HCO-3 ATPase activities. Duodenal carbonic anhydrase activity was lower in birds laying soft-shelled eggs than in birds laying normal eggs. Alkaline phosphatase and calcium binding protein levels both decreased along the length of the small intestine, but the effect was more pronounced for alkaline phosphatase. Suppression of eggshell calcification and treatment of shell-less laying hens with 1,25(OH)2D3 influenced alkaline phosphatase activity only in the duodenal mucosa. Suppression of eggshell calcification reduced CaBP levels in all sections of the intestine. Treatment with 1,25(OH)2D3 restored CaBP levels. Regulation of intestinal CaBP levels by 1,25(OH)2D3 would therefore, seem to be controlled more directly by calcium requirements associated with eggshell calcification than by gonadal hormones.

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